just a reference I had to draw for the vertebrate wing guide I put together a couple weeks ago
this was traced/edited from these photos of crow wings. “edited” in that I emphasized a few feather bits that aren’t quite as “pronounced” on actual crow wings, but were drawn in for the sake of illustrating their general position. the axillaries, for example, were referenced from plovers, and the lesser/median primary dorsal-side coverts aren’t actually visible with the current position of the alula on a crow wing (I just wanted it to be clear that they exist)any critique is welcome– there are still a few things I’m not 100% on here (such as how far the lesser coverts continue to cover the back/chest..)
EDIT: I showed this to my art prof, and she assumed I'd forgotten the alula b/c I had it tucked back against the "hand". I figured other artists (esp those less experienced w/ wings like me or my art prof) could accidentally make the same mistake on first glance, or even assume the alula feathers were just some extra-special coverts for the top of the hand. THUS I pulled the alula out so it's clear that it's a separate structure from the rest of the hand.
this allowed me to shrink the primary lesser/median covert section to a more true-to-life size, since it's now more visible behind the pulled-out alula.
I also added an extra color for the alular quill coverts. I didn't originally give them their own color b/c I didn't think it was especially important for most artists to know abt them, but when I pulled the alula out and had to rearrange those particular coverts a bit, I figured it might help to know they specifically cover the alula